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Marawi under siege 2017

The Islamic City of Marawi is located on the island of Mindanao, in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, consisting of five predominantly Muslim provinces. Marawi has about 249,000 inhabitants and is the largest Islamic city in what elsewhere is a Catholic country.
Here, on May 23, 2017, the Filipino army carries out an operation to capture Isnilon Hapilon, leader of the Islamic State in the Philippines. About 700 militants of terrorist groups Maute and Abu Sayyaf occupy several areas of the city, including the Amai Pakpak Hospital, the City Hall and the University, and attack the military base of Camp Ranao. In the streets, machine gun strikes: terrorists kill policemen and civilians, attack a Protestant cultural center and burn down the cathedral.
During the clashes between militiamen and the Filipino army, several areas of the city are occupied and about two thousand civilians remain trapped in their homes. Many of these are kidnapped by jihadists and then used as human shields. Tens of thousands of people are evacuated from the city, shelters arise and immediately saturate.
The Amai Pakpak Hospital is close to the front. Several roaming bullets hit every day the walls of the building. Since it was cleared from terrorists, only a few doctors and nurses work there, and only for emergencies. A nearby facility has been set up, and civilians, recovered by the rescue team, are being brought to be identified and examined. A military truck parks near the building. Held up by two soldiers, a visibly exhausted man descends from the truck, and behind him some women-soldier hold a baby. From the pick-up of the rescue team also comes a tearful woman, Camalia Baunto: “I am following the recovery operations of civilians. Every day I come here to have news about my husband”, says the woman. Unfortunately, the rescue team can not bring her to the areas where the recoveries take place. “Me and my six sons were saved in the early days of the battle”. Her husband, Nixon, was not with them and Camalia could only stay in touch with him for a few days. Then Nixon’s cellphone turned off and she no longer had any news.
The Filipino army uses helicopters and fighter aircrafts to bomb the enemy stations by inflicting heavy damage to the city, without however pushing away the militants. “The military protocol requires that mosques and Quranic schools be spared by air strikes and artillery, and this restriction is exploited by militants”, states Lt. Col. Jo-Ar Herrera, spokesman for Joint Task Force Marawi. “Even the mosques here have tunnels”, continues Herrera. “Almost in every home there are weapons, because of the Rido”. Herrera refers to a kind of clan conflict, historically spread in these regions of the Philippines, which often involves violent actions. For this reason, over the years, Marawi residents have built tunnels and bunkers throughout the city, as well as having collected weapons and ammunition that were then exploited by terrorists during the siege of the city. “All this is part of the dynamics that make the battlefield complicated for us”, concludes Herrera.
The Battle of Marawi finds its roots in the history of Mindanao, an island with forty years of armed conflict. In the Philippines, over a population of 100 million, only 5% is Moro, a term of Spanish origin used to identify the various indigenous Muslim groups: most of them reside in the island of Mindanao. The Moro have a history of wars and injustices dating back to Spanish and American colonialism and which have continued with the dictatorship of Ferdinand Marcos.
Since 1972, the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) have fought for full independence from the central government of Manila. Over the years, during the peace treaties between the parties, some extremist fringes broke away from the main fronts, giving rise to armed movements initially linked to Al Quaeda and subsequently loyal to ISIS, as the Maute Group and the Abu Sayyaf group.
Almost unknown a few years ago, today the Maute have become one of the most dangerous groups in the Philippines. Originally a rich family active in politics and construction, following a dispute over subcontracts, was involved in a conflict with the institutions. The Maute financed a private militia that included the sons of the matriarch, Farhana. Because of their extreme views, two of them criticized the MILF leadership for taking part in peace negotiations with the Philippine government, and founded the group now known as the “Maute Group”.
The other major group, Abu Sayyaf, dates back to the early 1990s. It has long consolidated its position by self-financing with the numerous seizures between Philippines and Malaysia. More concerned with money than jihad, the group is also responsible for homicides, bomb attacks and punitive expeditions. Currently, the group is under the command of Isnilon Hapilon, declared last year by the Islamic State as “Emir of the South-East Asia”.
Various authorities in the Muslim world dissociated themselves from these extremist views and actions. The Imam of Marawi, Tagunarao Manardas Haji Saman, declares: “I consider myself a mujaheddin. All Muslim Filipinos consider themselves as fighters, but we have nothing in common with extremists. A true mujaheddin protects the people, fighting for respect for human rights and supporting peace”. The MILF President, Al-Hajj Murad Ebrahim, states: “The Muslim community does not agree on how extremists proceed in their fight. It is pure destruction: their strategy is nowhere to go”.
This strategy of violence is the one that pushed Maute and Abu Sayyaf to carry out the siege of the city of Marawi. The battle proceeds slowly: “It is hard to take the positions of the enemies”, says a soldier returning from the front. The presence of snipers is very high and militiamen are well trained. A few hundred meters from the front, from megaphones placed on the roofs of the buildings, a voice orders the terrorists to surrender. From beneath those buildings, Captain Mike Malacad points to a bridge: “That river divides us from our enemies and in all those buildings there are snipers”. The interruption of the voice in the megaphones precedes the arrival of fighter aircrafts: “The bombing begins”, concludes Malacad.
Lt. Col. Herrera, speaking of the difficulties of the fight, states: “The Philippine Armed Forces are trained to conduct military operations in the jungle, mountains, or marshy areas. They are capable of dealing with any kind of mission. But here we face fights in densely populated urban areas: it is quite different”. At this point, the presence of foreign fighters in Marawi is a fact. On several occasions, the Philippine authorities have declared the participation of jihadists from Southeast Asia and other parts of the world. “We're dealing with foreigners, war veterans, trained for this kind of fighting. They have probably also trained locals in a kind of partnership, with a supply of antitank weapons, rifles and explosive devices”, adds Herrera.
Eduardo Año, AFP chief General, argues that with the ongoing crisis in Marawi City, the Philippines could become a “magnet” for militants of the Islamic State. Año is also the administrator of martial law, declared by President Rodrigo Duterte for one hundred and twenty days in Mindanao, in response to the Marawi crisis.
Marawi is a ghost town: entire buildings destroyed by air bombardments, houses torn by rockets and heavy machine guns. Data on displaced people estimate from 360,000 to 430,000, distributed among the about one hundred evacuation centers made available by the community and the government. In the center of Saguiaran, several cases of malnutrition have been recorded among children and many are the health problems for people: the deaths amount to forty. Only some centers have clinics; in others, people must be moved to different locations to receive care.
At the Capin funeral service in Iligan, a handwritten list hanging in a room, titled “Marawi casualities”, chronologically describes the number of bodies, sex and condition in which they have been found. Seventeen black bags, containing human remains, stay awaiting mass burial for more than a month.
After more than a hundred days of conflict, returning to a normal life is still far off. In some municipalities, tents have been provided by the Department of Social Welfare and Development to house families in anticipation of the reconstruction of the city.
So far, what remains of the Islamic City of Marawi are only its ruins.
17/07/17_Marawi: a Filipino army soldier in a building 50 mt far from terrorist posts, during Philippine aviation air bombardments. Since the beginning of the conflict, the city is constantly bombarded by aircraft. Despite this, the Philippine Army struggles to conquer the areas occupied by terrorists Maute and Abu Sayyaf.
The city of Marawi has a structure suitable for a house-to-house conflict and many buildings are provided with bunkers. Terrorists dug tunnels to move from one area to another of the city, avoiding clashes with the Philippine Army. Many civilians are still trapped in the city and, as reported by the press conferences held by spokesman Col. Jo-Ar Herrera, they are used as human shields.
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17/07/17_Marawi: a Filipino army soldier in a building 50 mt far from terrorist posts, during Philippine aviation air bombardments. Since the beginning of the conflict, the city is constantly bombarded by aircraft. Despite this, the Philippine Army struggles to conquer the areas occupied by terrorists Maute and Abu Sayyaf.
The city of Marawi has a structure suitable for a house-to-house conflict and many buildings are provided with bunkers. Terrorists dug tunnels to move from one area to another of the city, avoiding clashes with the Philippine Army. Many civilians are still trapped in the city and, as reported by the press conferences held by spokesman Col. Jo-Ar Herrera, they are used as human shields.
17/07/17_ Marawi: The Philippine Army Artillery Department shoots mortar strokes on enemy stations, barricaded in city buildings.
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17/07/17_ Marawi: The Philippine Army Artillery Department shoots mortar strokes on enemy stations, barricaded in city buildings.
04/07/2017 _ Marawi after air bombardments. Since the beginning of the conflict, the city is constantly bombarded by aircraft. Despite this, the Philippine Army struggles to conquer the areas occupied by terrorists Maute and Abu Sayyaf.
The city of Marawi has a structure suitable for a house-to-house conflict and many buildings are provided with bunkers. Terrorists dug tunnels to move from one area to another of the city, avoiding clashes with the Philippine Army. Many civilians are still trapped in the city and, as reported by the daily press conferences held by spokesman Col. Jo-Ar Herrera, they are used as human shields.
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04/07/2017 _ Marawi after air bombardments. Since the beginning of the conflict, the city is constantly bombarded by aircraft. Despite this, the Philippine Army struggles to conquer the areas occupied by terrorists Maute and Abu Sayyaf.
The city of Marawi has a structure suitable for a house-to-house conflict and many buildings are provided with bunkers. Terrorists dug tunnels to move from one area to another of the city, avoiding clashes with the Philippine Army. Many civilians are still trapped in the city and, as reported by the daily press conferences held by spokesman Col. Jo-Ar Herrera, they are used as human shields.
16/07/2017_ Saguiaran evacuation center, one of the most overcrowded centers. Hundreds of families live here. There are several cases of malnutrition among children and many health problems for people. Eighteen people died in the center for several pathologies.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
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16/07/2017_ Saguiaran evacuation center, one of the most overcrowded centers. Hundreds of families live here. There are several cases of malnutrition among children and many health problems for people. Eighteen people died in the center for several pathologies.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
23/06/17_ An evacuation center a few miles from Marawi, where the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) has distributed tents to accommodate refugee families fled from the conflict.
Tents, provisionally, will have to accommodate more families per unit before of the opening of other reception centers.
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23/06/17_ An evacuation center a few miles from Marawi, where the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) has distributed tents to accommodate refugee families fled from the conflict.
Tents, provisionally, will have to accommodate more families per unit before of the opening of other reception centers.
23/06/2017_ An evacuation center inside a Madrasa (Koranic school), just a few miles from Marawi. More than 50 families live in the classrooms of this school. Once every two days, the Red Cross visits the center to monitor the health of people.
The nearest clinic is located in Pantar, 8 km from the center.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
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23/06/2017_ An evacuation center inside a Madrasa (Koranic school), just a few miles from Marawi. More than 50 families live in the classrooms of this school. Once every two days, the Red Cross visits the center to monitor the health of people.
The nearest clinic is located in Pantar, 8 km from the center.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
17/06/2017_ A woman (who does not reveal her identity) in an evacuation center outside Marawi. She was captured in the early days of the conflict and escaped Maute terrorists during the clashes, but many people who were with her were killed in an attempt to escape.
The woman is still terrified and she fears that if she tells details to the army or the police, when the conflict is finished, terrorists will return to kill her. For this reason she did not want to be photographed in face, nor reveal her identity.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
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17/06/2017_ A woman (who does not reveal her identity) in an evacuation center outside Marawi. She was captured in the early days of the conflict and escaped Maute terrorists during the clashes, but many people who were with her were killed in an attempt to escape.
The woman is still terrified and she fears that if she tells details to the army or the police, when the conflict is finished, terrorists will return to kill her. For this reason she did not want to be photographed in face, nor reveal her identity.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
01/07/2017_ Saguiaran evacuation center clinic, one of the most overcrowded centers, where many children are hospitalized for various illnesses.
Many are the cases of hypertension, respiratory problems and skin, as reported by doctors present within the Saguiaran clinic.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
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01/07/2017_ Saguiaran evacuation center clinic, one of the most overcrowded centers, where many children are hospitalized for various illnesses.
Many are the cases of hypertension, respiratory problems and skin, as reported by doctors present within the Saguiaran clinic.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
18/06/2017_ A military team in one of the "clear areas" of Marawi proceeds to a mission to secure some buildings.
Although many areas have been declared "cleared", many bullets come from long distances.
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18/06/2017_ A military team in one of the "clear areas" of Marawi proceeds to a mission to secure some buildings.
Although many areas have been declared "cleared", many bullets come from long distances.
04/07/17_ Marawi city capitol: weapons seized to terrorists by the Philippine army during the conflict. The Filipino army has also seized drones, used for aerial shootings, radio transmitters, heavy weapons, and bullet bullets.
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04/07/17_ Marawi city capitol: weapons seized to terrorists by the Philippine army during the conflict. The Filipino army has also seized drones, used for aerial shootings, radio transmitters, heavy weapons, and bullet bullets.
17/07/17_ Marawi: A Filipino army soldier runs on a street of the front to avoid the bullets shot by snipers of the terrorist group that has besieged the city.
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17/07/17_ Marawi: A Filipino army soldier runs on a street of the front to avoid the bullets shot by snipers of the terrorist group that has besieged the city.
02/07/2017_ Marawi: a soldier during a recovery operation in a school 200 meters from the frontline. During the same operation, the military together with members of civilian rescue teams recovered hundreds of objects including books, registers and computers.
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02/07/2017_ Marawi: a soldier during a recovery operation in a school 200 meters from the frontline. During the same operation, the military together with members of civilian rescue teams recovered hundreds of objects including books, registers and computers.
18/07/17_ Marawi: A Filipino army soldier runs on a street of the front to avoid the bullets shot by snipers of the terrorist group that has besieged the city._ Marawi: An abandoned building previously occupied by Islamic terrorist groups and used as a post during the early weeks of the conflict.
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18/07/17_ Marawi: A Filipino army soldier runs on a street of the front to avoid the bullets shot by snipers of the terrorist group that has besieged the city._ Marawi: An abandoned building previously occupied by Islamic terrorist groups and used as a post during the early weeks of the conflict.
25/06/2017_ Marawi: a military team returning from a rescue operation of civilians trapped in combat. The number of civilians trapped up to that day (25-06-2017) ranged between 800 and 1000. Data released during press conferences are constantly changing.
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25/06/2017_ Marawi: a military team returning from a rescue operation of civilians trapped in combat. The number of civilians trapped up to that day (25-06-2017) ranged between 800 and 1000. Data released during press conferences are constantly changing.
25/06/2017_ Marawi: a military team returning from a rescue operation of civilians trapped in combat. The number of civilians trapped up to that day (25-06-2017) ranged between 800 and 1000. Data released during press conferences are constantly changing.
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25/06/2017_ Marawi: a military team returning from a rescue operation of civilians trapped in combat. The number of civilians trapped up to that day (25-06-2017) ranged between 800 and 1000. Data released during press conferences are constantly changing.
25/06/2017_ Camalia Baunto, after a rescue mission. Her husband is dispersed in the combat zone. Camalia every day follows rescue operations in search of her missing husband. Many civilians are missing or trapped in the conflict. Some of them have been able to communicate with the outside through the use of the mobile phones in the first few weeks of the conflict.
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25/06/2017_ Camalia Baunto, after a rescue mission. Her husband is dispersed in the combat zone. Camalia every day follows rescue operations in search of her missing husband. Many civilians are missing or trapped in the conflict. Some of them have been able to communicate with the outside through the use of the mobile phones in the first few weeks of the conflict.
28/06/2017_ Iligan city, Capin morgue: black bags containing the remains of 17 unidentified bodies recovered during operations in Marawi. Even according to police investigations, the bodies seem to be civilians. Some of the skeletons had obvious gunshot wounds. The corpses were waiting for a burial in a mass grave, supposedly excavated in Marawi.
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28/06/2017_ Iligan city, Capin morgue: black bags containing the remains of 17 unidentified bodies recovered during operations in Marawi. Even according to police investigations, the bodies seem to be civilians. Some of the skeletons had obvious gunshot wounds. The corpses were waiting for a burial in a mass grave, supposedly excavated in Marawi.
24/06/17_ Marawi Amai Pakpak hospital: a man wounded during clashes between terrorist groups and the Philippine army. The hospital was completely abandoned and it is used only for emergencies for civilians or military wounded in the Marawi conflict.
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24/06/17_ Marawi Amai Pakpak hospital: a man wounded during clashes between terrorist groups and the Philippine army. The hospital was completely abandoned and it is used only for emergencies for civilians or military wounded in the Marawi conflict.
28/06/2017_ Iligan city, Capin morgue: black bags containing the remains of 17 unidentified bodies recovered during operations in Marawi. Even according to police investigations, the bodies seem to be civilians. Some of the skeletons had obvious gunshot wounds. The corpses were waiting for a burial in a mass grave, supposedly excavated in Marawi.
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28/06/2017_ Iligan city, Capin morgue: black bags containing the remains of 17 unidentified bodies recovered during operations in Marawi. Even according to police investigations, the bodies seem to be civilians. Some of the skeletons had obvious gunshot wounds. The corpses were waiting for a burial in a mass grave, supposedly excavated in Marawi.
Marawi under siege 2017
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28/06/2017_ Military squads in the streets of Marawi change shift to go to the frontline where clashes between government troops and Islamic-based terrorists Maute and Abu Sayyaf continue in several areas of Marawi.
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28/06/2017_ Military squads in the streets of Marawi change shift to go to the frontline where clashes between government troops and Islamic-based terrorists Maute and Abu Sayyaf continue in several areas of Marawi.
17/07/17_Marawi: Filipino army soldiers during the battle in a building 50 mt far from terrorist posts. Since the beginning of the conflict, the city is constantly bombarded by aircraft. Despite this, the Philippine Army struggles to conquer the areas occupied by terrorists Maute and Abu Sayyaf.
The city of Marawi has a structure suitable for a house-to-house conflict and many buildings are provided with bunkers. Terrorists dug tunnels to move from one area to another of the city, avoiding clashes with the Philippine Army. Many civilians are still trapped in the city and, as reported by the press conferences held by spokesman Col. Jo-Ar Herrera, they are used as human shields.
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17/07/17_Marawi: Filipino army soldiers during the battle in a building 50 mt far from terrorist posts. Since the beginning of the conflict, the city is constantly bombarded by aircraft. Despite this, the Philippine Army struggles to conquer the areas occupied by terrorists Maute and Abu Sayyaf.
The city of Marawi has a structure suitable for a house-to-house conflict and many buildings are provided with bunkers. Terrorists dug tunnels to move from one area to another of the city, avoiding clashes with the Philippine Army. Many civilians are still trapped in the city and, as reported by the press conferences held by spokesman Col. Jo-Ar Herrera, they are used as human shields.
17/07/2017_Marawi: Filipino army snipers station in a building not far from the front of the battle. Also in the terrorist group that has besieged the city of Marawi, the presence of snipers is very strong.
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17/07/2017_Marawi: Filipino army snipers station in a building not far from the front of the battle. Also in the terrorist group that has besieged the city of Marawi, the presence of snipers is very strong.
17/06/2017_ An evacuation center inside a Madrasa (Koranic school), just a few miles from Marawi. More than 50 families live in the classrooms of this school. Once every two days, the Red Cross visits the center to monitor the health of people. The nearest clinic is located in Pantar, 8 km from the center. The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
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17/06/2017_ An evacuation center inside a Madrasa (Koranic school), just a few miles from Marawi. More than 50 families live in the classrooms of this school. Once every two days, the Red Cross visits the center to monitor the health of people. The nearest clinic is located in Pantar, 8 km from the center. The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
17/06/2017_ C.D. managed to escape from the terrorists who had captured her and made her captive during the clashes with the Philippine Army. Now he is in an evacuation center outside Marawi.
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17/06/2017_ C.D. managed to escape from the terrorists who had captured her and made her captive during the clashes with the Philippine Army. Now he is in an evacuation center outside Marawi.
23/06/17_ Baloh-i: Marawi conflict refugees are hospitalized in the Baloh-i Provincial hospital for health problems. The Baloh-i evacuation center is not equipped with an internal clinic where refugees can be assisted.
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23/06/17_ Baloh-i: Marawi conflict refugees are hospitalized in the Baloh-i Provincial hospital for health problems. The Baloh-i evacuation center is not equipped with an internal clinic where refugees can be assisted.
01/07/2017_ Distribution of food in the Saguiaran evacuation center, one of the most overcrowded centers. Hundreds of families live here. There are several cases of malnutrition among children and many health problems for people. Eighteen people died in the center for several pathologies. Many are the cases of hypertension, respiratory problems and skin, as reported by doctors present within the Saguiaran clinic.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
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01/07/2017_ Distribution of food in the Saguiaran evacuation center, one of the most overcrowded centers. Hundreds of families live here. There are several cases of malnutrition among children and many health problems for people. Eighteen people died in the center for several pathologies. Many are the cases of hypertension, respiratory problems and skin, as reported by doctors present within the Saguiaran clinic.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
02/07/2017_ Pantar, 12 km from Marawi. Preparation of a site that will host 1,500 families transferred from Marawi. Families will have to spend the next few years waiting for the reconstruction of the city, destroyed by clashes and air bombardments.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
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02/07/2017_ Pantar, 12 km from Marawi. Preparation of a site that will host 1,500 families transferred from Marawi. Families will have to spend the next few years waiting for the reconstruction of the city, destroyed by clashes and air bombardments.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
01/07/2017_ Saguiaran evacuation center, one of the most overcrowded centers. Hundreds of families live here. There are several cases of malnutrition among children and many health problems for people. Eighteen people died in the center for several pathologies. Many are the cases of hypertension, respiratory problems and skin, as reported by doctors present within the Saguiaran clinic.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
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01/07/2017_ Saguiaran evacuation center, one of the most overcrowded centers. Hundreds of families live here. There are several cases of malnutrition among children and many health problems for people. Eighteen people died in the center for several pathologies. Many are the cases of hypertension, respiratory problems and skin, as reported by doctors present within the Saguiaran clinic.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
27/06/2017_ Municipality of Baloi. Inside a mosque, a family watches over the body of a deceased man in the evacuation center of Saguiaran, one of the most overcrowded. The wife said that during the aerial bombings heard from the center, the man had a sudden illness. Despite the presence of a clinic in the center and the rescue, the man died.
Many people suffer from psychological traumas caused by the conflict.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
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27/06/2017_ Municipality of Baloi. Inside a mosque, a family watches over the body of a deceased man in the evacuation center of Saguiaran, one of the most overcrowded. The wife said that during the aerial bombings heard from the center, the man had a sudden illness. Despite the presence of a clinic in the center and the rescue, the man died.
Many people suffer from psychological traumas caused by the conflict.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
01/07/2017_ A newborn in the clinic of the center of Saguiaran, one of the most overcrowded.
There are several newborns in the evacuation centers, where there are about 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
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01/07/2017_ A newborn in the clinic of the center of Saguiaran, one of the most overcrowded.
There are several newborns in the evacuation centers, where there are about 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
21/06/2017_ An evacuation center inside a Madrasa (Koranic school), just a few miles from Marawi. More than 50 families live in the classrooms of this school. Once every two days, the Red Cross visits the center to monitor the health of people. The nearest clinic is located in Pantar, 8 km from the center. The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
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21/06/2017_ An evacuation center inside a Madrasa (Koranic school), just a few miles from Marawi. More than 50 families live in the classrooms of this school. Once every two days, the Red Cross visits the center to monitor the health of people. The nearest clinic is located in Pantar, 8 km from the center. The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
Marawi under siege 2017
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17/06 / 2017_ In an evacuation center, some men and children pray in the mosque of a Madrasa (koranic school), where a center for accommodating refugees in the city of Marawi has been set up.
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17/06 / 2017_ In an evacuation center, some men and children pray in the mosque of a Madrasa (koranic school), where a center for accommodating refugees in the city of Marawi has been set up.
21/06/2017_ Iligan city: refugees from city of Marawi on the floor of an evacuation center set up in a basketball court.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
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21/06/2017_ Iligan city: refugees from city of Marawi on the floor of an evacuation center set up in a basketball court.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
22/06/2017_ An inhabitant of Marawi looks at the city during the aerial bombing on the rooftop of a building not far from the city capitol. An evacuation center was set up inside the complex.
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22/06/2017_ An inhabitant of Marawi looks at the city during the aerial bombing on the rooftop of a building not far from the city capitol. An evacuation center was set up inside the complex.
23/06/2017_ A man sleeps next to his daughter in the evacuation center of Saguiaran. The girl was treated for malnutrition.
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23/06/2017_ A man sleeps next to his daughter in the evacuation center of Saguiaran. The girl was treated for malnutrition.
23/06/2017_ Marawi: a child looks inside the mosque of Marawi City Capitol, during Friday's prayer service.
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23/06/2017_ Marawi: a child looks inside the mosque of Marawi City Capitol, during Friday's prayer service.
25/06/2017_ Marawi: army soldiers, together with the rescue team, prepare for a rescue operation of civilians trapped in combat. The number of civilians trapped up to that day (25-06-2017) ranged between 800 and 1000. Data released during press conferences are constantly changing.
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25/06/2017_ Marawi: army soldiers, together with the rescue team, prepare for a rescue operation of civilians trapped in combat. The number of civilians trapped up to that day (25-06-2017) ranged between 800 and 1000. Data released during press conferences are constantly changing.
17/06/17_ Municipality of Baloh-i Lanao del Norte: refugees in the city of Marawi sleep on the floor of an evacuation center set up in a basketball court.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
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17/06/17_ Municipality of Baloh-i Lanao del Norte: refugees in the city of Marawi sleep on the floor of an evacuation center set up in a basketball court.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
28/06/2017_ Iligan city, Capin morgue: black bags containing the remains of 17 unidentified bodies recovered during operations in Marawi. Even according to police investigations, the bodies seem to be civilians. Some of the skeletons had obvious gunshot wounds. The corpses were waiting for a burial in a mass grave, supposedly excavated in Marawi.
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28/06/2017_ Iligan city, Capin morgue: black bags containing the remains of 17 unidentified bodies recovered during operations in Marawi. Even according to police investigations, the bodies seem to be civilians. Some of the skeletons had obvious gunshot wounds. The corpses were waiting for a burial in a mass grave, supposedly excavated in Marawi.
30/06/2017_ A SWAT patrol cop in the streets of Marawi. Safe areas are constantly patrolled by police officers and are full of checkpoints of both the Philippine army and the police. Even in the areas considered safe, operations are carried out every day.
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30/06/2017_ A SWAT patrol cop in the streets of Marawi. Safe areas are constantly patrolled by police officers and are full of checkpoints of both the Philippine army and the police. Even in the areas considered safe, operations are carried out every day.
01/07/2017_ Pantar, 12km from Marawi. Distribution of essential goods and food for displaced people. Food and personal hygiene kits were distributed.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
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01/07/2017_ Pantar, 12km from Marawi. Distribution of essential goods and food for displaced people. Food and personal hygiene kits were distributed.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
30/06/2017 _ Marawi view from lakea Lanao after air bombardments. Since the beginning of the conflict, the city is constantly bombarded by aircraft. Despite this, the Philippine Army struggles to conquer the areas occupied by terrorists Maute and Abu Sayyaf.
The city of Marawi has a structure suitable for a house-to-house conflict and many buildings are provided with bunkers. Terrorists dug tunnels to move from one area to another of the city, avoiding clashes with the Philippine Army. Many civilians are still trapped in the city and, as reported by the daily press conferences held by spokesman Col. Jo-Ar Herrera, they are used as human shields.
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30/06/2017 _ Marawi view from lakea Lanao after air bombardments. Since the beginning of the conflict, the city is constantly bombarded by aircraft. Despite this, the Philippine Army struggles to conquer the areas occupied by terrorists Maute and Abu Sayyaf.
The city of Marawi has a structure suitable for a house-to-house conflict and many buildings are provided with bunkers. Terrorists dug tunnels to move from one area to another of the city, avoiding clashes with the Philippine Army. Many civilians are still trapped in the city and, as reported by the daily press conferences held by spokesman Col. Jo-Ar Herrera, they are used as human shields.
30/06/2017_ Marawi: The Philippine Police prepares for a mission to secure several areas of the Marawi city freed from terrorists.
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30/06/2017_ Marawi: The Philippine Police prepares for a mission to secure several areas of the Marawi city freed from terrorists.
27/06/2017_ Marawi: soldiers during an operation in a building not far from the city capitol.
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27/06/2017_ Marawi: soldiers during an operation in a building not far from the city capitol.
17/07/2017_Marawi: Filipino army snipers station in a building not far from the front of the battle. Also in the terrorist group that has besieged the city of Marawi, the presence of snipers is very strong.
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17/07/2017_Marawi: Filipino army snipers station in a building not far from the front of the battle. Also in the terrorist group that has besieged the city of Marawi, the presence of snipers is very strong.
02/07/2017_ Marawi: a soldier during a recovery operation in a school 200 meters from the frontline. During the same operation, the military together with members of civilian rescue teams recovered hundreds of objects including books, registers and computers.
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02/07/2017_ Marawi: a soldier during a recovery operation in a school 200 meters from the frontline. During the same operation, the military together with members of civilian rescue teams recovered hundreds of objects including books, registers and computers.
17/07/2017_Marawi: Filipino army station in a building not far from the front of the battle. Also in the terrorist group that has besieged the city of Marawi, the presence of snipers is very strong.
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17/07/2017_Marawi: Filipino army station in a building not far from the front of the battle. Also in the terrorist group that has besieged the city of Marawi, the presence of snipers is very strong.
17/06/2017_ Iligan city: refugees from city of Marawi on the floor of an evacuation center set up in a basketball court.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
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17/06/2017_ Iligan city: refugees from city of Marawi on the floor of an evacuation center set up in a basketball court.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
17/06/2017_ An evacuation center inside a Madrasa (Koranic school), just a few miles from Marawi. More than 50 families live in the classrooms of this school.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
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17/06/2017_ An evacuation center inside a Madrasa (Koranic school), just a few miles from Marawi. More than 50 families live in the classrooms of this school.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
06/07/2017_Distribution of food. An evacuation center just outside Marawi, inside a hospital under
construction. 150 families live crammed and their only sustenance comes from
rescue services provided day by day. Even water is brought once a day from a Red
Cross tank truck.
Many children in the evacuation centers suffer from trauma caused by the conflict.
Many parents have stated that, despite in the daytime their children play and show
no evident symptoms, many of them spend hours crying at night.
In the centers that are closer to Marawi, the bombings are perfectly audible.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and
the surrounding villages.
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06/07/2017_Distribution of food. An evacuation center just outside Marawi, inside a hospital under
construction. 150 families live crammed and their only sustenance comes from
rescue services provided day by day. Even water is brought once a day from a Red
Cross tank truck.
Many children in the evacuation centers suffer from trauma caused by the conflict.
Many parents have stated that, despite in the daytime their children play and show
no evident symptoms, many of them spend hours crying at night.
In the centers that are closer to Marawi, the bombings are perfectly audible.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and
the surrounding villages.
23/06/2017_ An evacuation center inside a Madrasa (Koranic school), just a few miles from Marawi. More than 50 families live in the classrooms of this school. Once every two days, the Red Cross visits the center to monitor the health of people.
The nearest clinic is located in Pantar, 8 km from the center.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
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23/06/2017_ An evacuation center inside a Madrasa (Koranic school), just a few miles from Marawi. More than 50 families live in the classrooms of this school. Once every two days, the Red Cross visits the center to monitor the health of people.
The nearest clinic is located in Pantar, 8 km from the center.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
23/06/2017_ Chairs stacked in a Madrasa (koranic school), where an evacuation center was set up.
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23/06/2017_ Chairs stacked in a Madrasa (koranic school), where an evacuation center was set up.
23/06/2017 _Distribution of essential goods and food
for displaced people in Saguiaran evacuation center, one of the most overcrowded centers. Hundreds of families live here. There are several cases of malnutrition among children and many health problems for people. Eighteen people died in the center for several pathologies. Many are the cases of hypertension, respiratory problems and skin, as reported by doctors present within the Saguiaran clinic.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages. Food and personal hygiene kits were distributed.
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23/06/2017 _Distribution of essential goods and food
for displaced people in Saguiaran evacuation center, one of the most overcrowded centers. Hundreds of families live here. There are several cases of malnutrition among children and many health problems for people. Eighteen people died in the center for several pathologies. Many are the cases of hypertension, respiratory problems and skin, as reported by doctors present within the Saguiaran clinic.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages. Food and personal hygiene kits were distributed.
17/06/17_ Municipality of Baloh-i Lanao del Norte: refugees sleep on the floor of an evacuation center set up in a basketball court.
Many children in the evacuation centers suffer from trauma caused by the conflict.
Many parents have stated that, despite in the daytime their children play and show
no evident symptoms, many of them spend hours crying at night.
In the centers that are closer to Marawi, the bombings are perfectly audible.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and
the surrounding villages.
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17/06/17_ Municipality of Baloh-i Lanao del Norte: refugees sleep on the floor of an evacuation center set up in a basketball court.
Many children in the evacuation centers suffer from trauma caused by the conflict.
Many parents have stated that, despite in the daytime their children play and show
no evident symptoms, many of them spend hours crying at night.
In the centers that are closer to Marawi, the bombings are perfectly audible.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and
the surrounding villages.
21/06/2017_ Iligan city: refugees from city of Marawi. A child sleep on the floor of an evacuation center set up in a basketball court.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
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21/06/2017_ Iligan city: refugees from city of Marawi. A child sleep on the floor of an evacuation center set up in a basketball court.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
17/06/2017_ An evacuation center inside a Madrasa (Koranic school), just a few miles from Marawi. More than 50 families live in the classrooms of this school.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
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17/06/2017_ An evacuation center inside a Madrasa (Koranic school), just a few miles from Marawi. More than 50 families live in the classrooms of this school.
The ongoing conflict has caused some 430,000 displaced people from Marawi and the surrounding villages.
05/07/2017_ Refugees from Marawi cultivate the land around an evacuation center.
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05/07/2017_ Refugees from Marawi cultivate the land around an evacuation center.
23/06/17_ Baloh-i: Marawi conflict refugees are hospitalized in the Baloh-i Provincial hospital for health problems. The Baloh-i evacuation center is not equipped with an internal clinic where refugees can be assisted.
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23/06/17_ Baloh-i: Marawi conflict refugees are hospitalized in the Baloh-i Provincial hospital for health problems. The Baloh-i evacuation center is not equipped with an internal clinic where refugees can be assisted.
28/06/2017_ Filipino army soldiers climb on a military truck, after a civilian recovery mission in the city of Marawi.
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28/06/2017_ Filipino army soldiers climb on a military truck, after a civilian recovery mission in the city of Marawi.
21/06/2017_ Military squads in the streets of Marawi change shift to go to the frontline where clashes between government troops and Islamic-based terrorists Maute and Abu Sayyaf continue in several areas of Marawi.
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21/06/2017_ Military squads in the streets of Marawi change shift to go to the frontline where clashes between government troops and Islamic-based terrorists Maute and Abu Sayyaf continue in several areas of Marawi.
17/07/2017_ Marawi: A Filipino army team proceeds towards the frontline.
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17/07/2017_ Marawi: A Filipino army team proceeds towards the frontline.
17/07/17_ Marawi: The Philippine Army Artillery Department shoots mortar strokes on enemy stations, barricaded in city buildings.
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17/07/17_ Marawi: The Philippine Army Artillery Department shoots mortar strokes on enemy stations, barricaded in city buildings.
17/07/2017_ Marawi: A Filipino army team proceeds towards the frontline.
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17/07/2017_ Marawi: A Filipino army team proceeds towards the frontline.
04/07/17_ Marawi city capitol: weapons seized to terrorists by the Philippine army during the conflict. The Filipino army has also seized drones, used for aerial shootings, radio transmitters, heavy weapons, and bullets.
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04/07/17_ Marawi city capitol: weapons seized to terrorists by the Philippine army during the conflict. The Filipino army has also seized drones, used for aerial shootings, radio transmitters, heavy weapons, and bullets.
Marawi under siege 2017
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24/06/17_ Marawi, A newborn in the Amai Pakpak hospital. 
The hospital was completely abandoned and it is used only for emergencies for civilians or military wounded in the Marawi conflict.
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24/06/17_ Marawi, A newborn in the Amai Pakpak hospital.
The hospital was completely abandoned and it is used only for emergencies for civilians or military wounded in the Marawi conflict.
24/06/17_ Marawi Amai Pakpak hospital: a man wounded during clashes between terrorist groups and the Philippine army. The hospital was completely abandoned and it is used only for emergencies for civilians or military wounded in the Marawi conflict.
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24/06/17_ Marawi Amai Pakpak hospital: a man wounded during clashes between terrorist groups and the Philippine army. The hospital was completely abandoned and it is used only for emergencies for civilians or military wounded in the Marawi conflict.
Marawi under siege 2017
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17/07/2017_Marawi: Filipino army station in a building not far from the front of the battle. Also in the terrorist group that has besieged the city of Marawi, the presence of snipers is very strong.
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17/07/2017_Marawi: Filipino army station in a building not far from the front of the battle. Also in the terrorist group that has besieged the city of Marawi, the presence of snipers is very strong.
25/06/2017_ Marawi: policemen prays in front the mosque inside the city capitol for the
end of Ramadan. On this day, a cease-fire of eight hours was respected. The
rescue teams have thus been able to recover several civilians in combat zones.
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25/06/2017_ Marawi: policemen prays in front the mosque inside the city capitol for the
end of Ramadan. On this day, a cease-fire of eight hours was respected. The
rescue teams have thus been able to recover several civilians in combat zones.
18/07/2017 _ Marawi after air bombardments. Since the beginning of the conflict, the city is constantly bombarded by aircraft. Despite this, the Philippine Army struggles to conquer the areas occupied by terrorists Maute and Abu Sayyaf.
The city of Marawi has a structure suitable for a house-to-house conflict and many buildings are provided with bunkers. Terrorists dug tunnels to move from one area to another of the city, avoiding clashes with the Philippine Army. Many civilians are still trapped in the city and, as reported by the daily press conferences held by spokesman Col. Jo-Ar Herrera, they are used as human shields.
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18/07/2017 _ Marawi after air bombardments. Since the beginning of the conflict, the city is constantly bombarded by aircraft. Despite this, the Philippine Army struggles to conquer the areas occupied by terrorists Maute and Abu Sayyaf.
The city of Marawi has a structure suitable for a house-to-house conflict and many buildings are provided with bunkers. Terrorists dug tunnels to move from one area to another of the city, avoiding clashes with the Philippine Army. Many civilians are still trapped in the city and, as reported by the daily press conferences held by spokesman Col. Jo-Ar Herrera, they are used as human shields.
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